Being infected with HIV is not the same as having AIDS



There are three mechanisms of transmission



How to prevent new infections

Use condoms in all sexual intercourse to avoid the transmission of HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases.

Do not share any type of syringe or needle and take extreme precautions if there are injuries, hemorrhages or any type of cut that might be bleeding.


Women infected with HIV that are contemplating pregnancy must consider the risks and start antiretroviral treatment, if they are not taking it already.

Post-Exposition Prophylaxis (PEP) means taking antiretroviral medication as soon as possible after having been exposed to HIV to avoid the infection. Pre-Exposition Prophylaxis (Prep) is an HIV prevention approach where HIV-negative individuals use anti-HIV medications to reduce their risk of becoming infected if they are exposed to the virus. It could be prescribed in higher risk populations.


In order to avoid new infections it is crucial to establish an early diagnosis and follow up with the prescribed antiretroviral therapy With adequate treatment, HIV can become undetectable in blood, the immune system can recover and the possibility of transmission decreases.




It is estimated that HIV affects almost 38 million people all over the world.
Approximately 66% have access to antiretroviral therapy.


In 2019, 1.7 million new infections were reported: every 18 seconds a new infection occurs.


It is estimated that 20% of people who have HIV do not know it.


Since the beginning of the pandemic,39 million people have died because of AIDS all over the world.


Almost 18 million children have lost one or both parents because of AIDS.


The number of AIDS cases is reduced every year in those countries with good access to antiretroviral treatment.



  • The variability and capacity of mutation of the HIV virus means that people can be infected with a virus that is especially aggressive and resistant to treatment.

  • Drugs may have adverse effects.